Agricultural Risk Factor Petani Lansia pada Aktivitas Pertanian Padi

  • Novia Rahmawati Universitas Trisakti
  • Ahmad Farhan Universitas Trisakti
  • Pudji Astuti Universitas Trisakti
  • Bambang Cholis S Universitas Trisakti
  • Nora Azmi Universitas Trisakti


According to data from the Central Bureau of Statistics, the agricultural sector is the business field that absorbs the most elderly workers. However, elderly farmers actually become vulnerable to musculoskeletal disorders when doing agricultural work. This is because agriculture requires a lot of lifting activities, carrying heavy loads, working in bent and squatting positions, there is a risk of slipping and there is a risk of falling from the slippery paddy fields. This study aims to identify agricultural risks for elderly farmers. Data collection was carried out using Focus Group Discussions, to identify complaints with the Nordic Body Map (NBM) and risk assessment with the Agricultural Whole-Body Assessment (AWBA). Complaint data obtained, namely respondents stated that they had Gotrak complaints (muscle and skeletal disorders) on the waist and legs. Results questionnaire NBM, namely the level of complaints of pain in the highest part of the body that is felt, namely the waist. While the results of the AWBA risk assessment show that most of the work postures of elderly farmers are at high risk (high) with a percentage of 53% and a risk level of work duration of 73% of agricultural activities has a risk of 4 (very high).

Keywords: agricultural, elderly, AWBA, musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs)


Download data is not yet available.


Adioetomo, Sri M. dan Pardede, Elda L (2018). Memetik Bonus Demografi: Membangun Manusia Sejak Dini. Depok: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Badan Pusat Statistik.(2021). Statistik Penduduk Lanjut Usia 2021. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik.

Eurofound. Sixth European Working Conditions Survey-Overview Report (2017 Update); Publications Office of the European Union: Luxembourg, 2017.

Fathallah FA. 2010. Musculoskeletal disorders in labor-intensive agriculture. Appl Ergon; 41:738-743.

G. P. Kenny, J. E. Yardley, L. Martineau, O. Jay,(2008). Physical work capacity in older adults: implications for the aging worker. Am J Ind Med. 2008;51(8):610–625. doi:10.1002/ajim.20600

Jamalludin. (2021). Keputusan Pekerja Lansia tetap Bekerja Pascapensiun dan Kaitannya dengan Kebahagiaan. Jurnal Samudra Ekonomi dan Bisnis, 121, 89-101.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2017). Analisis Lansia 2017. Jakarta: Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI.

Kyeong-Hee Choi, Dae-Min Kim, Min-Uk Cho, Chae-Won Park, Seoung-Yeon Kim, Min-Jung Kim dan Yong-Ku Kong (2020). Application of AULA Risk Assessment Tool by Comparison with Other Ergonomic Risk Assessment Tools. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6479

K. T. Palmer, N. Goodson. Ageing,(2015). musculoskeletal health and work. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2015;29(3):391–404. doi:10.1016/j.berh.2015.03.004.

Mo-Yeol Kang, Myeong-Jun Lee, HweeMin Chung, Dong-Hee Shin, Kan-Woo Youn & Sang-Hyuk Im(2016). Musculoskeletal disorders and agricultural risk factors among Korean farmers, Journal of Agromedicine, 2016. DOI: 10.1080/1059924X.2016.1178612

M. A. Minetto, A. Giannini, R. McConnell, C. Busso, G. Torre and G. Massazza. (2020). Common Musculoskeletal Disorders in the Elderly: The Star Triad. Journal of Clinical Medicine 9, 1216; doi:10.3390/jcm9041216

T. Kaewdok, S. Sirisawasd and S. Taptagaporn.(2020) Agricultural Risk Factors Related Musculoskeletal Disorders among Older Farmers in Pathum Thani Province, Thailand, Journal of Agromedicine, 2020. DOI:10.1080/1059924X.2020.1795029

United Nations. (2020). World Population Ageing 2020. New York: United Nations Publication

Walker‐Bone K, Palmer K. (2002). Musculoskeletal disorders in farmers and farm workers. Occup Med ;52:441-450

Y.-K. Kong, S.-J. Lee, K.-S. Lee, G.-R. Kim, D.-M. Kim (2015). Development of an Ergonomics Checklist for Investigation of Work-Related Whole-Body Disorders in Farming – AWBA: Agricultural Whole-Body Assessment. Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health, 2015, 21(4): 207-215. DOI 10.13031/jash.21.10647

How to Cite
Rahmawati, N., Farhan, A., Astuti, P., Cholis S, B., & Azmi, N. (2023). Agricultural Risk Factor Petani Lansia pada Aktivitas Pertanian Padi. Jurnal Teknik, 21(2), 217-227.
Abstract Views : 150 | DOWNLOAD PDF Views : 204